master's thesis
Tumori štitnjače - dijagnostika i liječenje

Josip Čop (2015)
Sveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Katedra za otorinolaringologiju
Metadata
TitleTumori štitnjače - dijagnostika i liječenje
AuthorJosip Čop
Mentor(s)Radan Starčević (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Tumori štitnjače se mogu podijeliti na benigne i maligne neoplazme. Najčešća benigna neoplazma je folikularni adenom. Maligne neoplazme su papilarni, folikularni, medularni i anaplastični karcinom, limfom i sarkom. Papilarni karcinom je najučestaliji oblik malignih neoplazmi. Etiopatogeneza tumora štitnjače je nedovoljno istražena. Radioaktivno zračenje svakako utječe na stvaranje neoplazmi štitnjače. Dijagnostika uključuje anamnezu, fizikalni pregled, osnovne funkcijske pretrage štitnjače, ultrazvuk vrata i štitnjače, biopsiju tankom iglom uz kontrolu ultrazvukom, CT, MR, serumsku razinu tireoglobulina i kalcitonina, razinu TSH te konačnu patohistološku analizu tijekom operacije, kojom se postavlja konačna dijagnoza čvora na štitnjači. Čvor na štitnjači je najčešći početni nalaz koji se dijagnostički obrađuje kako bi isključili njegovu malignost. Tumore štitnjače liječimo operacijski, najčešće totalnom tireoidektomijom, postoperacijsko radiojodnom ablacijom, kemoterapijom i vanjskim zračenjem. Kemoterapiju i zračenje koristimo kada su iscrpljene ostale mogućnosti liječenja, najčešće kod uznapredovalih tumora koji su neoperabilni. Budućnost donosi lijekove koji su specifični za mehanizme širenja i rasta tumora štitnjače.
Keywordsthyroid neoplasm fine-needle aspiration biopsy thyroidectomy
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za otorinolaringologiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Otorhinolaryngology
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Oncology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeMedicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015
Parallel abstract (English)
Thyroid cancer can be divided into benign and malignant neoplasms. The most common benign neoplasm is follicular adenoma. Malignant neoplasms are papillary, follicular, medullary, anaplastic carcinoma, lymphoma and sarcoma. Papillary carcinoma is the most common form of malignant neoplasms. Etiopathogenesis of thyroid tumors is not enought explored. Radioactive radiation definitely affects on formation of thyroid neoplasms. Diagnosis includes a medical history, physical examination, basic functional tests of thyroid, Ultrasound of neck and thyroid, ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid., CT, MRI, serum levels of thyreoglobulin and calcitonin, serum TSH and finally hystopathologic analysis during surgery, where we setting the final diagnosis of thyroid gland node. Thyroid node is the most common initial findings of diagnostic processes, when we want to turn off the malignancy. Thyroid cancer is treated by surgery, usually total thyreoidectomy, postoperative radioiodine ablation, chemotherapy and external - beam radiation. Chemotherapy, and external – beam radiation is used when all treatment options are exhausted. Usually, advanced tumors that are inoperable have this treatment. The future brings target drugs which have specific blocking mechanisms for the expansion and growth of thyroid cancer.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)tumori štitnjače biopsija tankom iglom tireoidektomija
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:665978
CommitterBosa Licul