master's thesis
Nove psihoaktivne tvari

Helena Gluić (2016)
Sveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Katedra za farmakologiju
Metadata
TitleNove psihoaktivne tvari : sintetski kanabinoidi i sintetski katinoni
AuthorHelena Gluić
Mentor(s)Kristina Pilipović (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Na europskom tržištu može se naći sve više novih psihoaktivnih tvari koje oponašaju učinak kontroliranih droga. Sintetski kanabinoidi i sintetski katinoni zajedno čine gotovo dvije trećine novih droga. Prodaju se kao pravna zamjena za marihuanu i stimulanse. Iako sadrže oznaku kako nisu za ljudsku upotrebu, stopa zloupotrebe u svijetu naglo raste, osobito među adolescentima. Sintetski kanabinoidi pojavljuju se kao biljne mješavine, prah ili smola. Oni su aktivni sastojci skupine droga pod nazivom „Spice“. Budući da se kratko vrijeme nalaze u upotrebi, još uvijek nema dovoljno literaturnih podataka o toksičnosti, farmakološkom djelovanju i metabolizmu. Niti sintetski katinoni još uvijek nisu dovoljno istraženi. To su derivati katinona, psihoaktivnih spojeva koji su strukturalno najbliži amfetaminu. Dostupni su u obliku bijelog ili svijetlo žutog praha. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitati koliko su ljudi informirani o novim psihoaktivnim tvarima, pogotovo sintetskim kanabinoidima i sintetskim katinonima, te da li ih konzumiraju U istraživanju je sudjelovao 61 ispitanik – 33 osobe muškog i 28 osoba ženskog spola u dobi od 15 do 35 godina. Za potrebe istraživanja sastavljena je anonimna anketa od 18 pitanja i zatim podijeljena na društvenim mrežama. Rezultati su pokazali da mladi ljudi u dobi od 15 do 21 godine, odnosno adolescenti, čine najveći broj onih koji konzumiraju nove psihoaktivne tvari, odnosno sintetske kanabinoide i sintetske katinone. Također, većina ispitanika je slabo informirana o novim drogama, što znači da bi u medijima, školama, internetu i literaturi više pažnje trebalo posvetiti toj temi.
Keywordsnew drugs synthetic cannabinoids synthetic cathinones
Committee MembersJasenka Mršić-Pelčić (committee chairperson)
Gordana Pelčić (committee member)
Kristina Pilipović (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za farmakologiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Basic Medical Sciences
Pharmacology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeStudy of Sanitary Engineering
Academic title abbreviationmag. sanit. ing.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-07-18
Parallel abstract (English)
On the European market more and more new psychoactive substances that mimic the effects of controlled drugs can be found. The synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones together make nearly two-thirds of new drugs. They are sold as a legal substitutes for marijuana and stimulants. Although they contain a label that they are not for human consumption, the rate of abuse in the world is growing rapidly, especially among adolescents. Synthetic cannabinoids appear as herbal blends, powders or resins. They are the active ingredients of drugs called "Spice". Whereas they are in use for a short time, there is still no sufficient literature data on toxicity, pharmacological action and metabolism. Neither synthetic cathinones still have not been adequately investigated. These are derivatives of cathinones, psychoactive compounds that are structurally closest to amphetamine. They are available as a white or pale yellow powder. The aim of this study was to investigate how much people are informed about new psychoactive substances, especially synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones cathinones, and are they consumed. The study included 61 participants - 33 males and 28 females aged 15-35 years. An anonymous survey of 18 questions was made for the study and then shared into social networks. The results showed that young people aged 15-21, ie adolescents, make the largest number of those who use new psychoactive substances, respectively synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones. Also, most of the participants have little awareness about new drugs, which means that in the media, schools, internet and literature more attention should be paid to this issue.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)nove droge sintetski kanabinoidi sintetski katinoni
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:690694
CommitterBosa Licul