master's thesis
Neuroplastičnost i moždani udar

Nikolina Vinko (2016)
Sveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Katedra za neurologiju
Metadata
TitleNeuroplastičnost i moždani udar
AuthorNikolina Vinko
Mentor(s)Lidija Tuškan-Mohar (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Neuroplastičnost može biti koncipirana kao unutrašnje svojstvo mozga koje omogućuje izmjenu funkcije i strukture kao odgovor na zahtjeve okoline. Koncept neuroplastičnosti je prilično nov i to je jedno od najvažnijih otkrića u neuroznanosti. Činjenica je da neuronske mreže nisu fiksne već se pojavljuju ili nestaju dinamički kroz cijeli naš život, ovisno o iskustvima. Oštećenje mozga uzrokovano moždanim udarom može dovesti do gubitka moždane funkcije i posljedično do invaliditeta. Međutim, mozak može koristiti neuroplastičnost da se prilagodi funkcionalno, reorganizacijom kortikalnih mapa, što doprinosi oporavku nakon moždanog udara. Promjene u organizaciji kore uključuju povećanje broja i gustoće dendrita, sinapsi i sintezu neurotrofnih faktora. Razlikujemo strukturnu od funkcionalne neuroplastičnosti. Nakon utvrđivanja činjenice da mozak ima mogućnost pregradnje vlastitih živčanih mapa, glavno pitanje je kako usmjeriti tu neuroplastičnost kako bi se povratila izgubljena funkcija uzrokovana neurološkim deficitom.
Keywordsneuroplasticity stroke
Committee MembersOlivio Perković (committee chairperson)
Mira Bučuk (committee member)
Darko Ledić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za neurologiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Neurology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeMedicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-07-15
Parallel abstract (English)
Neuroplasticity can be conceptualized as an intrinsic property of the brain that enables modification of function and structure in response to environmental demands. The concept of neuroplasticity is quite new, and it is one of the most important discoveries in neuroscience. The fact is that neural networks are not fixed, but occuring and disappearing dynamically troughout our whole life, depending on experiences. The brain damage caused by a stroke may result in the loss of cerebral function. However, the brain can use neuroplasticity to adjust itself functionally, by reorganizing the cortical maps, which contributes to the stroke recovery. The changes in the cortex organization include an increase in the number and density of dendrites, synapses and neurotrophic factors synthesis. We distinguish structural from functional neuroplasticity. After establishing the fact that brain has a possibility of remodeling its own neural maps, the main guestion is how to direct this neuroplasticity to regain lost functions caused by a neurologic deficit
Parallel keywords (Croatian)neuroplastičnost moždani udar
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:980941
CommitterBosa Licul