Access restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
master's thesis
Poremećaji prehrane i njihov utjecaj na stomatognati sustav

Vanessa Zuber (2011)
Metadata
TitlePoremećaji prehrane i njihov utjecaj na stomatognati sustav
AuthorVanessa Zuber
Mentor(s)Sonja Pezelj Ribarić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Poremećaji prehrane karakteriziraju silan i neodoljiv nagon da se bude mršav te patološki strah od dobivanja na težini i gubitka kontrole nad jedenjem. Većinom taj poremećaj pogađa ženske osobe i pojavljuje se tijekom mladenačke, ali isto tako i rane odrasle dobi. Uzroci poremećaja prehrane su i dalje nejasni. Pretpostavlja se da veliku ulogu igraju genetska predispozicija, psihički utjecaji, biokemijski čimbenici, karakter osobe kao i socioekonomski status. Poremećaji prehrane se mogu nadvladavati i važno je da oboljela osoba što ranije zatraži savjet i liječenje, budući da poremećaji prehrane mogu ostaviti ozbiljne fizičke i psihološke posljedice. Fizičke posljedice anoreksije i bulimije mogu biti vrlo teške, ali se uglavnom mogu ispraviti ako se bolest liječi u ranom stadiju. Međutim, ako se ne liječe, teški oblici anoreksije i bulimije mogu završiti smrtno. Među fizičkim posljedicama pribrojavaju se i utjecaji na stomatognati sustav. Oralne manifestacije poremećaja prehrane su najčešći i najočitiji znakovi koji se mogu pronaći među oboljelima od anoreksije i bulimije. Neke od tih karakteristika pojavljuju se samo ponekad, a neke kod svih oboljelih. Promjene na stomatognatom sustavu uključuju promjene fiziognomije, žlijezda slinovnica, oralne sluznice, gingive i parodonta, tvrdih zubnih tkiva kao i promjene u temporomandibularnom zglobu. Liječnik dentalne medicine može mnogo toga učiniti u smanjenju i uklanjanju tih štetnih posljedica koje su vidljive u usnoj šupljini. Ipak, uloga liječnika dentalne medicine nije samo uklanjanje oralnih simptoma, nego i aktivno sudjelovanje u psihofizičkom oporavku takvih pacijenata što ujedno i znači podizanje kvalitete života.
KeywordsFeeding and Eating Disorders Oral Medicine
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za oralnu medicinu i parodontologiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Dental Medicine
Morphology of the Dental Tissue System
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeDental Medicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med. dent.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2011
Parallel abstract (English)
Eating disorders are characterized by a strong impulse to be thin as well as by a pathological fear of gaining weight and losing control over eating. It primarily affects women during adolescence or early adulthood. The precise cause of eating disorder is not entirely understood, although it is supposed to be due to genetic predisposition, psychological influences, biochemical factors as well as personality traits and socioeconomic status. Eating disorders can be effectively treated. It is important to seek medical advice and treatment as soon as possible because these disorders have severe physical and psychological consequences. The physical ones can be quite severe but if treated on time they can be fixed. However, if not treated, some types of anorexia and bulimia can be fatal. The stomatognathic system can also be influenced. Oral manifestations of eating disorders are the most common and obvious ones among people with anorexia and bulimia. Some of these appear only sometimes, and some always. Changes in the stomatognathic system include physiognomic changes, changes in the salivary glands, oral mucosa, gingiva and periodontium, hard tooth tissues as well as changes in the temporomandibular joint. A dentist can do a lot in lessening and removing the effects which are visible in the oral cavity. However, the dentist’s role is not only to remove the oral symptoms but also to take part in the psychophysical recovery of such patients resulting in improving their quality of life.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Poremećaji prehrane Oralna medicina
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:179684
CommitterBosa Licul