Access restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
master's thesis
PREUHRANJENOST U DJEČJOJ DOBI

Iva Lisica (2015)
Metadata
TitlePREUHRANJENOST U DJEČJOJ DOBI
AuthorIva Lisica
Mentor(s)Srećko Severinski (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Preuhranjenost i pretilost u dječjoj dobi čine važan javnozdravstveni problem povezan s rizikom od razvoja komplikacija u djetinjstvu te povećanjem morbiditeta i mortaliteta u odrasloj dobi. Svjetska zdravstvena organizacija proglasila je pretilost globalnom epidemijom, a pretilost u dječjoj dobi jednim od najozbiljnijih javnozdravstvenih problema 21.og stoljeća. Porast prevalencije pretilosti među djecom posebno zabrinjava jer pretila djeca u 80% slučajeva postaju pretile odrasle osobe. Prekomjerna tjelesna težina i pretilost definiraju se kao stanja prekomjernog nakupljanja masti u organizmu koja predstavljaju rizik za zdravlje, međutim etiologija i patofiziologija pretilosti znatno su kompleksnije. Za objektivizaciju i procjenu stanja uhranjenosti, najčešće se koriste percentilne krivulje indeksa tjelesne mase za dob i spol. U dijagnosticiranju pretilosti važno je razlučiti radi li se o primarnoj ili sekundarnoj pretilosti. Razne nasljedne i neuroendokrinološke bolesti i sindromi mogu dovesti do sekundarne pretilosti, iako su znatno rjeđi uzrok u odnosu na pojavu primarne pretilosti kao multifaktorske bolesti, kombinacije genetskih čimbenika i „obesogenog okruženja“ - neadekvatnih prehrambenih i životnih navika. Pretilost u djece se povezuje s razvojem komplikacija poput kardiovaskularnih bolesti, dijabetesa melitusa tipa 2, dislipidemije, sindroma policističnih jajnika, respiratornih i ortopedskih poremećaja te psihosocijalnih poremećaja. Terapija se bazira na balansiranoj prehrani s redukcijom kalorijskog unosa uz povećanje fizičke aktivnosti. Prevencija je ključna u borbi protiv rastuće epidemije pretilosti u dječjoj dobi. Preuhranjenost i pretilost u dječjoj dobi zahtijevaju multidisciplinaran pristup upravo zbog svoje kompleksne etiologije i utjecaja različitih faktora.
Keywordsoverweight obesity childhood adipose tissue insulin resistance diet physical activity.
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za pedijatriju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Pediatrics
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeMedicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015
Parallel abstract (English)
Overweight and obesity in children is an important public health problem associated with the risk of developing complications in childhood and increased morbidity and mortality in adulthood. The World Health Organization has declared obesity a global epidemic, and obesity in children one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. The increase in the prevalence of obesity among children is especially worrisome because obese children in 80% of cases become obese adults. Overweight and obesity are defined as excessive accumulation of body fat that represents a health risk, however the etiology and pathophysiology of obesity are much more complex. For identification and assessment of nutritional status, percentile curves of the body mass index for age and sex are used most commonly. In the diagnosis of obesity, it is important to distinguish whether it is a primary or secondary obesity. Various hereditary and neuroendocrine diseases and syndromes can lead to secondary obesity, although it is a much less common cause in relation to obesity as a primary multifactorial disease, a combination of genetic factors and "obesogenic environment" - inadequate dietary and lifestyle habits. Obesity in children is associated with the development of complications such as cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, polycystic ovary syndrome, respiratory and orthopedic disorders and psychosocial disorders. The therapy is based on a balanced diet with reduction in caloric intake along with increasing physical activity. Prevention is a key in the fight against the growing epidemic of childhood obesity. Overweight and obesity in children demand multidisciplinary approach because of its complex etiology and the influence of different factors.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)preuhranjenost pretilost dječja dob masno tkivo inzulinska rezistencija prehrana tjelesna
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:023797
CommitterBosa Licul