master's thesis
ALERGIJSKA SENZITIZACIJA U OVISNOSTI O ALERGIJSKOJ BOLESTI I DOBI DJETETA

Tea Crnogaj (2015)
Sveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Katedra za pedijatriju
Metadata
TitleALERGIJSKA SENZITIZACIJA U OVISNOSTI O ALERGIJSKOJ BOLESTI I DOBI DJETETA
AuthorTea Crnogaj
Mentor(s)Srđan Banac (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Cilj istraživanja: Cilj istraživanja je odrediti profil senzitizacije u ovisnosti o alergijskoj bolesti i dobi djeteta, te utvrditi koji se alergeni najčešće zamjećuju kao uzrok tegoba od strane djece ili njihovih roditelja. Ispitanici i metode: U istraživanje je uključeno 1102 djece u dobi od 0 do 17 godina koja su u razdoblju od 2011. do 2014. godine zaprimljena u alergološku ambulantu na kožno testiranje prick metodom na Klinici za pedijatriju KBC-a Rijeka. Rezultati: U atopijskom dermatitisu su uzrok tegoba većinom nutritivni alergeni, a najčešće je jaje. Urtikarija ima velik broj zabilježenih nutritivnih alergena, iako je vodeći D. Pteronyssinus. U astmi, alergijskom rinitisu, alergijskom rinokonjuktivitisu i astmi s alergijskim rinitisom/rinokonjuktivitisom prevladavaju inhalatorni alergeni. Najučestaliji inhalatorni alergeni su grinje, i to D. Pteronyssinus, jedino su u alergijskom rinokonjuktivitisu zastupljeniji peludni alergeni, od kojih su najčešće trave. Do treće godine alergijske bolesti najčešće uzrokuju nutritivni alergeni, a nakon treće inhalatorni. Djeca i roditelji najviše primjećuju da im se tegobe vezane uz alergijsku bolest javljaju sa sezonom cvjetanja i prilikom kontakta s dlakavim kućnim ljubimcima. Zaključak: Kožne promjene u atopijskom dermatitisu su povezane s nutritivnim alergenima, dok su alergijske bolesti dišnog sustava povezane s inhalatornim alergenima. Budući da je najveća prevalencija atopijskog dermatitisa do treće godine, u tom su periodu najzastupljeniji nutritivni alergeni, a od treće godine raste prevalencija alergijskih bolesti dišnog sustava i učestalost inhalatornih alergena.
Keywordsallergic sensitization allergens allergic diseases
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za pedijatriju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Pediatrics
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeMedicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015
Parallel abstract (English)
Aim: The aim of this research is to determine the profile of sensitization in relation to the allergic disease and the age of the child, and to determine which allergens are most often noticed as the cause of allergic symptoms by children or their parents. Patients and methods: The study included 1,102 children aged from 0 to 17 years who were in the period from 2011 to 2014 received to the Allergy Clinic in Clinical Hospital Centre Rijeka and undergone skin prick testing. Results: The most common causes of atopic dermatitis are food allergens, especially egg. Urticaria has more frequent nutritional allergens, although the leading is D. pteronyssinus. In asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma with the allergic rhinitis/rhinoconjunctivitis dominate inhaled allergens. The most common inhaled allergens are dust mites, especially D. pteronyssinus. Only in the allergic rhinoconjunctivitis are more common pollen allergens, of which the most common is grass. Before the third year allergic diseases are usually caused by food allergens, and after the third year by inhalation allergens. Children and parents mostly notice that symptoms of allergic disease are associated with the season of pollination and in contact with pets. Conclusion: The skin changes in atopic dermatitis are associated with food allergens, while allergic diseases of respiratory tract are associated with inhaled allergens. Since the highest prevalence of atopic dermatitis is before the third year, in this period, the most common are food allergens, and after the third year is growing prevalence of allergic diseases of respiratory system and the frequency of inhaled allergens.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)alergijska senzitizacija alergeni alergijske bolesti
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:006990
CommitterBosa Licul