undergraduate thesis
INCIDENCE OF TUBERCULOSIS IN CITY OF ZAGREB BETWEEN 2011.-2015. godine

Krunoslav Bartoš (2016)
Sveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Katedra za socijalnu medicinu i epidemiologiju
Metadata
TitleKretanje tuberkuloze u Gradu Zagrebu u razdoblju 2011.-2015.
AuthorKrunoslav Bartoš
Mentor(s)Branko Kolarić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Tuberkuloza je bolest izazvana bakterijama iz roda Mycobacterium, najčešće vrstom M.tuberculosis. Prenosi se kapljičnim putem, a izvor zaraze je bolesna osoba koja najčešće ima tuberkulozu pluća. S obzirom da od tuberkuloze umiru milijuni ljudi, ona je i danas javnozdravstveni problem. Analizom podataka dobivenih iz Nastavnog zavoda za javno zdravstvo „dr Andrija Štampar“ praćena je incidencija tuberkuloze u Zagrebu. Ukupno su od tuberkuloze u razdoblju od 2011.-2015. godine oboljele 354 osobe, dok se je stopa incidencije kretala od 7,2/100 000 stanovnika do 10,1/100 000 stanovnika. Muška populacija je obolijevala nešto češće nego ženska. U Gradu Zagrebu, osobe srednje životne dobi bile su najrizičnija skupina oboljelih. Osim njih, rizična skupina su i djeca, stari ljudi, osobe sa oslabljenim imunološkim sustavom i drugi. Zanimljivo je da je u Gradu Zagrebu u petogodišnjem praćenju od tuberkuloze umrlo čak 19 osoba, dok je od ukupne populacije oboljelih njih samo 27 cijepljeno. Tuberkuloza najčešće zahvaća pluća pa je tako i najviše oboljelih bilo od tuberkuloze dišnih putova, dok ih je najmanje oboljelo od milijarne te tuberkuloze živčanog sustava. Na temelju dijagnostičkog nalaza može se vidjeti da je uzročnik (najčešće M.tuberculosis) laboratorijski izoliran kod 292 pacijenta. Liječenje tuberkuloze provodi se antituberkuloticima, dok je najprihvatljivija preventivna mjera cijepljenje. Da bi prevencija bila što efikasnija, potrebno je bolest utvrditi što ranije kako bi se spriječile neželjene posljedice. Od izrazite je važnosti osobna zdravstvena zaštita kao i edukacija svakog pojedinca i zajednice.
Keywordstuberculosis incidence infected people the City of Zagreb prevention
Parallel title (English)INCIDENCE OF TUBERCULOSIS IN CITY OF ZAGREB BETWEEN 2011.-2015. godine
Committee MembersElizabeta Dadić-Hero (committee chairperson)
Suzana Janković (committee member)
Vanja Vasiljev Marchesi (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za socijalnu medicinu i epidemiologiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Public Health and Health Care
Epidemiology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeStudy of Sanitary Engineering
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. sanit. ing.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-21
Parallel abstract (English)
Tuberculosis is a disease caused by bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, the most common type of M.tuberculosis. It is spread through the air and the source of infection is a sick person who, the most common has pulmonary tuberculosis. Considering that of tuberculosis are dying millions of people, it is still a public health problem. The analysis of data obtained from the Andrija Štampar Teaching Institute of Public Health the incidence of tuberculosis in Zagreb was monitored. During the period 2011-2015, 354 people were suffering of tuberculosis, while the incidence rate ranged from 7,2 cases per 100 000 people to 10,1 cases per 100 000 people. The male population are affected more often than women. In the City of Zagreb, the most vulnerable group of patients were the middle aged people. In addition to them, the other risk groups are children, the elderly, people with weakened immune systems and others. It is interesting that in the City of Zagreb, in the five year monitoring of tuberculosis were dying 19 people, while the total of affected population them only 27 vaccinated. Tuberculosis usually affects the lungs and the most affected were from tuberculosis of respiratory tract and the least affected of the miliary and nervos system tuberculosis. Based on diagnostic findings, we can see that the cause (the most common M.tuberculosis) is isolated from 292 patients. Tuberculosis is treated with antitubercular drugs, while the most acceptable preventive measure is vaccination. In order to performe efficient prevention , it is necessary to determine the disease as early as possible so as to prevent unwanted consequences. It is extremely important personal health protection and education of each individual and the community.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)tuberkuloza incidencija oboljeli Grad Zagreb prevencija
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:224569
CommitterBosa Licul