master's thesis
Elektromehanički roboti u rehabilitaciji hoda kod bolesnika nakon preboljelog moždanog udara

Nikola Đurđević (2016)
Sveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Katedra za neurorehabilitaciju
Metadata
TitleElektromehanički roboti u rehabilitaciji hoda kod bolesnika nakon preboljelog moždanog udara
AuthorNikola Đurđević
Mentor(s)Tea Schnurrer-Luke-Vrbanić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Moždani udar na prvom je mjestu uzroka invalidnosti u svijetu. Svake godine skoro 15 milijuna ljudi doživi moždani udar, od čega 6 milijuna umre. Oni koji prežive moždani udar, suočavaju se s posljedicama moždanog udara koji se manifestira kroz invalidnost, hendikep i smanjenu funkciju organizma u cjelini. Kroz proces rehabilitacije, bolesnicima se želi omogućiti ponovnu integraciju u društvo. Nositelj oporavka bolesnika je rehabilitacijska medicina, a jedan od glavnih zadataka i najveća prepreka bolesnicima jest oporavak hoda. Pored konvencionalnih tehnika, koje provode fizioterapeuti, u zadnjih deset godina sve je prisutnija uporaba robota u rehabilitaciji hoda. Robotima se pokušava poboljšati efikasnost terapije i napraviti bolje rezultate u konačnom oporavku bolesnika. Roboti se u grubo mogu podjeliti na dvije skupine, egzoskeletne i end effector robote. Obje vrste robota pokazale su pozitivne rezultate u praktičnom radu s bolesnicima. Pojedine veće studije su dokazale korisnost korištenja robotske tehnologije uz konvencionalnu tehniku. Dokazano je da bolesnici koji prolaze kroz robotsku terapiju, uz konvnencionalnu imaju više rezultate na testovima procjene oporavka od bolesnika koji su prolazili samo konvencionalnu terapiju. S ekonomskog aspekta, implementacija robotike u rehabilitacijsku medicinu je izuzetno skup proces s visokim kratkoročnim troškovima. No ako se uzmu u obzir primjeri iz prakse, treba razmišljati dugoročno i sagledati uštedu koja može doći nakon dužeg vremenskog perioda. Najveći dio toga proizlazi iz rasterećenja fizioterapeutskog osoblja, jer je vježba oporavka hoda najzahtjevnija za fizioterapeute u rehabilitacijskoj medicini.
Keywordsrehabilitation robotics gait training exoskelet end-effector stroke
Committee MembersZlatko Trobonjača (committee chairperson)
Darko Ledić (committee member)
Lidija Tuškan-Mohar (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za neurorehabilitaciju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeMedicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-07-15
Parallel abstract (English)
Stroke is in the first place cause of disability in the world. Every year nearly 15 million people suffer from stroke, of which 6 million die. Those who survive stroke, are faced with the consequences of it, which is manifested through disability, handicap and reduced function of the organism as a whole. Through the process of rehabilitation, patients is allowed an oportunity to re-integrate into society. Main protagonist of recovery is rehabilitation medicine, and one of the main tasks and the biggest obstacle to patients recovery is walk. In addition to conventional techniques, carried out by physiotherapists, in the last ten years use of robots in rehabilitation walk is very common. Robots are there to improve the efficiency of the therapy and make better results in the final recovery of patients. Robots can be roughly divided into two groups, exoskeletal and end effector robots. Both types of robots have shown positive results in practical work with patients. Some major studies have proven the usefulness of using robotic technology with the conventional technique. It has been shown that patients undergoing robotic therapy, alongside with conventional therapy, have higher scores on functional tests than patients who have passed only conventional therapy. From an economic point of view, the implementation of robotics in rehabilitation medicine is very expensive process with high short-term costs. But if we take into account the examples from practise, we need to think long term and consider savings that may occur after a long period of time. Most of that comes from relieving physiotherapy staff, because walk recovery is the most challenging exercise for physical therapists in rehabilitation medicine.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)rehabilitacija roboti hod treniranje egzoskelet end-effector moždani udar
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:439102
CommitterBosa Licul