Access restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
master's thesis
Incidencija bolnih sindroma kralježnice kod studenata medicine

Paula Radić (2016)
Metadata
TitleIncidencija bolnih sindroma kralježnice kod studenata medicine
AuthorPaula Radić
Mentor(s)Darko Ledić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Bolni sindrom leđa, odnosno križobolja jedan je od najčešćih javnoznanstvenih problema današnjice. Bol u donjem dijelu rangiran je kao prvi uzrok invalidteta i nesposobnosti za rad, a očekuje se da će utjecati na 90 % svjetskog stanovništva u nekom trenutku njihovog života. Sama kralježnica je dio osovinskog skeleta koji nosi svu težinu tijela zahvaljujući svojoj građi tj. građi stupa kojeg čine trupovi kralježaka i intervertebralni diskusi među njima. Bolna stanja kralježnice su najčešća na njezinom vratnom (cervikalnom) i slabinskom (lumbalnom) dijelu koji je građen od pet kralježaka koji se ističu svojom veličinom upravo zato što je taj dio kralježnice uvelike opterećen tjelesnom težinom i služi prijenosu težine trupa prema zdjeličnom obruču. Pojedini izvori bola koji uzrokuje križobolju i/ili radikulopatiju su rijetki slučajevi i najčešće se radi o promjenama koje zahvaćaju više struktura. Križobolja često prethodi radikulopatiji a tijekom razvoja bolnog sindroma leđa najčešće su udružene. Predisponirajuće čimbenike u nastanku križobolje najčešće čine psihološki čimbenici (stres), mehanički čimbenici (sjedenje, držanje tijela, tjelesna aktivnost) i biološki čimbenici (pušenje, prehrana, genetika). Ovom je radu primarni cilj bio utvrditi učestalost bolnog sindroma leđa kod studenata medicine, te utvrditi povezanost bolnog sindroma leđa i spola, tjedne satnice učenja, te godine fakulteta, a taj cilj je i ostvaren. Djelomično je potvrđena i hipoteza, te je utvrđeno da postoji povezanost bolnog sindroma leđa i ranijih, pretkliničkih godina fakulteta, te da nema povezanosti između bolnog sindroma leđa, spola i količine sati koje studenti tjedno potroše na sjedenje za knjigom.
Keywords: low back pain back pain syndrome lumbar syndrome intervertebral disc Oswestry disability index
Committee MembersGoran Bajek (committee chairperson)
Lidija Tuškan-Mohar (committee member)
Željko Župan (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za neurokirurgiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Surgery
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeMedicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-07-15
Parallel abstract (English)
Low back pain syndrome is one of the most common public health problems of today. Pain in the lower back ranks as the first cause of disabilities and inability to work and is expected to affect 90% of the world's population at some point in their lives. Alone spine is part of the axis of the skeleton that carries the full weight of the body due to its structure i.e. it is build as a column consisting of vertebrae and intervertebral discus among them. Pain is most common in neck (cervical) and loin (lumbar) part which is made up of five vertebrae that stand out with its size because it is this part of the spine greatly burdened by body weight and serves the transfer of carcass weight to the pelvic rim. Some sources of pain that cause back pain and / or radiculopathy are rare and most often these changes are affecting more structure. Low back pain often precedes radiculopathy and during the development of back pain syndrome they are usually associated. Predisposing factors in the development of back pain usually consists of psychological factors (stress), mechanical factors (sitting, posture, physical activity) and biological factors (smoking, diet, genetics). This paper’s primary objective was to determine the frequency of back pain syndrome among medical students, and determine the relationship between back pain syndrome and sex, the weekly schedule of learning, and the year of faculty, and that goal is achieved. The hypothesis is partially confirmed and it is found that there is a correlation between lower back pain syndrome and earlier, preclinical years of college, and that there is no connection between back pain syndrome, sex and amount of weekly hours that students spend studing.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)križobolja bolni sindrom leđa lumbalni sindrom intervertebralni disk Oswestry disability indeks
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:926415
CommitterBosa Licul