Access restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
master's thesis
Cancer of oral cavity

Monika Kovačić (2016)
Metadata
TitleKarcinom usne šupljine
AuthorMonika Kovačić
Mentor(s)Irena Glažar (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Karcinom usne šupljine je tumor epitelnog podrijetla. Pojavljuje se najčešće kod osoba koje konzumiraju alkoholna pića i puše cigarete. Karcinom može nastati na bilo kojem mjestu usne šupljine, ali najčešće je to dno usne šupljine i jezik, tj. njegova ventralna površina. Primarno metastazira limfogeno u regionalne čvorove vrata. O postojanju regionalnih metastaza, sublokaciji primarnog tumora i veličini tumora ovisi odabir i metoda liječenja. Prekancerozne lezije i stanja su morfološki promijenjena tkiva koja imaju veću incidenciju za nastanak karcinoma od istovjetnog normalnog tkiva. Najopasnija prekancerozna lezija je eritroplakija. Klinička slika ranog karcinoma usne šupljine je u vidu eritroplakije. Kasniji stadij karcinoma usne šupljine ima izgled ulceracije,te ju je tada lakše uočiti. Rana dijagnostika je najvažnija u terapiji karcinoma. Potrebno je educirati sve zdravstvene djelatnike sa izgledom karcinoma u ranijim stadijima i važnosti njegovog prepoznavanja zbog uspješnosti terapije. Klasifikacija karcinoma usne šupljine je TNM klasifikacija. Ona opisuje veličinu tumora, prisutnost regionalnih metastaza i udaljenih metastaza. Terapija karcinoma usne šupljine je prvotno kirurška. Adjuvantna terapija je radioterapija i kemoterapija. Pravu terapiju vrlo je teško definirati jer treba uzeti u obzir opće stanje pacijenta, specifičnost svakog tumora, metastaze, sposobnost tima za izvođenje postupaka itd.
KeywordsCancer diagnostics and therapy Oral cancer Precancerous lesions and condition
Parallel title (English)Cancer of oral cavity
Committee MembersIrena Glažar (committee chairperson)
Miranda Muhvić-Urek (committee member)
Tomislav Ćabov (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za oralnu medicinu i parodontologiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Dental Medicine
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeDental Medicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med. dent.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-19
Parallel abstract (English)
Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma is a tumour of epithelial descent . It appears most often with people who drinks alcohol and smoke cigarettes. The cancer can appear anywhere in the mouth, but the most common locations are bottom of the mouth and tongue, ie. it' s ventral surface. Primary metastasizes to regional lymphatic nodes door. The selection and treatment methods depends on the existence of regional metastasis, sublocalization of primary tumor and the size of tumor. Precancerous lesions and conditions are morphological changed tissues that have a higher incidence to increase into tumor then normal equivalent. The most dangerous precancerous lesion is erythroplakia. The clinical features of early cancer of the oral cavity is in the form of erythroplakia. The later stage of cancer has the appearance of ulcers, and it's then easier to spot. The most important in the treatment of cancer is early diagnosis . It's very important to educate all health professionals with signs and appearance of oral cancer in the early stages and teach them how important it is for successful treatment. The most important classification of cancers of oral cavity is TNM classification. It describes the size of the tumor, the presence of regional metastases and distant metastases. Treatment of cancer of the oral cavity is originally surgery. Adjuvant therapy are radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The right treatment is very difficult to define because it's necessary to consider the general condition of the patient, the specificity of the tumor, metastasis, the ability of a team for conducting the processes, etc.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Oralni karcinom Dijagnostika i terapija karcinoma usne šupljine Prekancerozne lezije i stanja
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:285220
CommitterBosa Licul