Access restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
master's thesis
Infektivne bolesti žlijezda slinovnica

Iva Grujičić (2016)
Metadata
TitleInfektivne bolesti žlijezda slinovnica
AuthorIva Grujičić
Mentor(s)Irena Glažar (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Bolesti žlijezda slinovnica dijele se na tumorske i netumorske. Infektivne bolesti žlijezda slinovnica spadaju u netumorske bolesti. Mogu biti bakterijske, virusne i gljivične etiologije. Podušne žlijezde slinovnice su najčešće zahvaćene bolešću. Najvažniji predisponirajući čimbenik je smanjeno lučenje sline, koje može biti uzrokovano sustavnim bolestima, primjenom određenih lijekova ili zbog oštećenja i nekroze žlijezdanog tkiva tijekom radioterapije. Najčešća infektivna bolest žlijezda slinovnica je epidemični parotitis, koju uzrokuje paramiksovirus. Njegova incidencija značajno je pala nakon uvođenja obveznog cjepljenja protiv zaušnjaka, morbila i rubeole. U virusne sijaloadenitise, osim EP, spadaju i sijaloadenitisi uzrokovani CMV-om, EBV-om, Coxackie virusom skupine A, ehovirusima, te virusima influenze i parainfluenze tipa I. Terapija je simptomatska. Bakterijske infekcije mogu biti akutne i kronične. Akutni gnojni sijaloadenitis karakteriziraju opći simptomi, uvećanje zahvaćene žlijezde i istjecanje gnojnog sazržaja iz izvodnog kanala. Terapija uključuje primjenu antibiotika i sredstava za olakšanje simptoma. Kronični rekurentni sijaloadenitis najčešće se javlja kod djece i u većini slučajeva spontano nestaje nakon puberteta. Pacijenti zaraženi HIV-om podložniji su nastanku sijaloadenitisa. Uz simptomatsku terapiju, potrebno je liječiti i primarnu bolest. Gljivični sijaloadenitis izuzetno je rijedak.
KeywordsBacterial Infections Fungal Infections Salivary Glands Viral Infections
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Dental Medicine
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeDental Medicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med. dent.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016
Parallel abstract (English)
Salivary gland disorders can be divided into non-neoplastic and neoplastic group. Infectious diseases of salivary glands are classified as non-neoplastic. Etiological factors include bacteria, viruses and fungi. The most commonly affected are the parotid glands. One of the most important predisposing factor is decreased salivary flow, which can be caused by systemic diseases, use of some medicaments or because of the damage and necrosis of glandular tissue due to radiotherapy. The most common infective salivary gland disease is mumps, caused by Paramyxovirus. The incidence of mumps was drastically reduced since the implementation of vaccination using the combined rubella, mumps and measles vaccine. Aside from EP, viral sialadenitis can be caused by CMV, EBV, Coxackie virus type A, echovirus, influenza and parainfluenza viruses. The treatment is symptomatic. Bacterial infections can be subdivided into acute or chronic. Clinical features of acute suppurative sialadenitis include general symptoms, swelling of the affected gland and purulent exudation from the duct. Treatment includes the use of antibiotics and supportive therapy. Chronic recurrent sialadenitis mainly affects children, and usually resolves spontaneously after puberty. HIV-positive patients are more commonly affected with sialadenitis. Along with the salivary gland infection, the main disease should be treated. Parotid infections due to fungi are rare.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Bakterijske Infekcije Gljivične Infekcije Virusne Infekcije Žlijezde Slinovnice
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:506940
CommitterBosa Licul