Access restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
master's thesis
Teeth whitening

Hela Škrgatić (2013)
Metadata
TitleIzbjeljivanje zubi
AuthorHela Škrgatić
Mentor(s)Ivana Brekalo-Pršo (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Diskoloracije zuba mogu nastati pod djelovanjem različitih čimbenika. Vanjska obojenja nalaze se na površini zuba, a nastaju zbog nakupljanja naslaga, loše oralne higijene i konzumacije kromatogene hrane i pića. Kod unutranjih obojenja kromatogeni su ugrađeni u caklini i/ili dentinu, a nastaju uslijed razvojnih anomalija, upotrebe nekih lijekova ili traume. Vanjski kromogeni mogu prodrijeti kroz razvojne ili stečene defekte u caklini i dentinu pa nastaju internalizirana obojenja. Danas se kao aktivni sastojci materijala za izbjeljivanje koriste vodikov peroksid, natrij peroborat, karbamid peroksid i njihove kombinacije. Osnovni je mehanizam izbjeljivanja oksidacija velikih obojenih molekula i razlaganje na manje neobojene. Najpopularnija tehnika izbjeljivanja je izbjeljivanje kod kuće zbog svoje jednostavnosti, učinkovitosti i cijene. Najčešće su korištene individualno prilagođene udlage i trakice za izbjeljivanje. Izbjeljivanje u ordinaciji provodi se pomoću sredstva za izbjeljivanje s većom koncentracijom aktivnog sastojka. Najčešće nuspojave pri izbjeljivanju su preosjetljivost zuba i iritacija gingive, no uglavnom su vrlo blage i kratkotrajne.
KeywordsTeeth whitening
Parallel title (English)Teeth whitening
Committee MembersIvana Brekalo-Pršo (committee chairperson)
Snježana Glavičić Valovičić (committee member)
Sonja Pezelj-Ribarić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za endodonciju i restorativnu stomatologiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Dental Medicine
Endodonics and Restorative Dentistry
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeDental Medicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med. dent.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2013-03-06
Parallel abstract (English)
Tooth discoloration can occur under the influence of various factors. External discoloration are on tooth surface and they are caused by the accumulation of debris, poor oral hygiene and frequent intake of chromogenic food and drinks. Internal chromogens which are incorporated in enamel and/or dentine are the resul of development anomalies, usage of specific drugs or tooth trauma. External chromogens can penetrate enamel or dentine via developmental or traumatic defects developing internalized discoloration. Active compounds of whitening materials that are used today are hydrogen peroxide, sodium perobrate and carbamide peroxide as well as their combination. Main whitening mechanism is oxidation of large pigmented molecules in small molecules that are less pigmented. The most popular whitening technique is home bleaching because it is simple, effective and low-cost solution. Most often individually customized trays and whitening strips are used. Whitening in the office is done using bleach with a higher concentration of the active ingredient. Most common side effects of teeth whitening are sensitivity and gingival irritation, but are generally very mild and short-lived.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)izbjeljivanje zubi
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:297716
CommitterBosa Licul