master's thesis
Kirurški postupak - dentalna implantologija

Mirna Pavić (2014)
Sveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Katedra za oralnu kirurgiju
Metadata
TitleKirurški postupak - dentalna implantologija
AuthorMirna Pavić
Mentor(s)Tomislav Ćabov (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Dentalni implantati su biokompatibilni nadomjesci koji zamjenjuju dio zuba koji leži u kosti. Oni su osnova za protetske radove, kao što su krunice, mostovi i proteze. Suvremeni implantati izrađeni su od titana ili njihovih legura. Omogućuju žvačno-funkcijsku rehabilitaciju i visoki stupanj estetike. Prema proteklom vremenu od ekstarkcije zuba razlikuje se imedijatna, rana i kasna implantacija. Imedijatna se odvija odmah nakon ekstrakcije zuba, rana šest do osam tjedana nakon ekstrakcije, a kasna implantacija kada je zub ekstrahiran prije dosta vremena, pri nedostatnoj širini i visini alveolarnog grebena, te kod nezavršenog rasta i razvoja. Druga podjelakirurških postupaka ugradnje implantata je na dvofazne i jednofazne. Implantacija dvofaznih se odvija u dva kirurška akta, u prvom se vrši postavljanje implantata u kost, a u drugom, nakon osteointegracije, se uklanja pokrovni vijak i postavlja kapica za zacjeljivanje. Kod jednofaznih, postoji samo jedan kirurški zahvat, pri kojem se se u isto vrijeme postavi i implantati i kapica za zacjeljivanje, jedna od mogućnosti je flapless tehnika implantacije. Ta tehnika podrazumijeva transmukoznu inserciju implantata. Opterećenje implantata može biti imedijatno i odgođeno. Imedijatno opterećenje nastupa odmah nakon implantacije ili unutar 48 sati, a odgođeno nakon 48 sati. Prije bilo kojeg operativnog zahvata treba se upoznati s anamnezom paciijenta,željama pacijenta, te napraviti temeljite kliničke i rentgenske analize.
Keywordsimplant immediate implantation postponed implantation flapfess
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za oralnu kirurgiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Dental Medicine
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeDental Medicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med. dent.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2014
Parallel abstract (English)
Dental implants are biocompatible substitutes that replace part of the tooth that lies in the bone. They are the basis for crowns, bridges and dentures. Modern implants are made of titanium or its alloys. They provide masticatory-functional rehabilitation and a high level of aesthetics. According to the time pased from the extraction of the tooth, one can differ immediate, early and late implantation. Immediate takes place immediately after the tooth has been extracted, early six to eight weeks after the extraction, and late when a tooth was extracted a long time ago, in case of insufficent width and height of the alveolar ridge, and unfinished growth and development. Another classification of the surgical procedures is the two-phase and single-phase. Implantation of two-phase implants is done in two surgical acts, in the first, an implant is inserted in the bone, and in the second, that takes place after osseointegration, the cover screw from the implant is removed and healingabutment is placed. In single-phase implants, there is only one surgical procedure in which the implant and the healing cap are put at the same time. One possibilitiy is flapless technique of implantation. This technique involves transmucosal implant insertion. Implants can be immediately or delayed loaded. Immediate load takes place immediately after implantation or within 48 hours, and delayed after 48 hours. Before any surgery is taken the surgeon should be familiar with the history of patient, his wishes and do a thorough clinical and X-ray analysis.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)implantat imedijatna implantacija odgođena implantacija flapfess
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:972166
CommitterBosa Licul