master's thesis
Kvaliteta života povezana s malokluzijama

Anja Gavrić (2014)
Sveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Katedra za ortodonciju
Metadata
TitleKvaliteta života povezana s malokluzijama
AuthorAnja Gavrić
Mentor(s)Stjepan Špalj (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Svrha: Cilj istraživanja bio je procijeniti povezanost između stupnja malokluzije, kraniodentofacijalnih karakteristika i dentalne estetike te kvalitete života povezane s malokluzijama i samopoštovanja u adolescenata i mladih odraslih. Materijali i metode: Provedeno je presječno istraživanje s prigodnim uzorkom od 200 studenata i učenika srednjih škola u Rijeci u rasponu od 13 do 33 godine (median 22, intrkvartilni raspon 20 do 23) od kojih je 58% bilo ženskog spola. Stupanj samopoštovanja procijenjen je Rosenbergovom skalom samopoštovanja (RSS). Kvaliteta života povezana s malokluzijama procijenjena je Upitnikom psihoscijalnog utjecaja dentalne estetike (PIDAQ). Za kliničku procjenu stupnja malokluzije korišteni su: Indeks potrebe za ortodontskom terapijom (IOTN) i Indeks kompleksnosti, potrebe i ishoda terapije (ICON) . Kraniofacijalna tipologija određena je kraniometrijskom metodom Martina i Sallera. Rezultati: Porastom stupnja malokluzije pada kvaliteta života povezana s dentalnom estetikom, no povezanost je slaba do umjerena. Multipla linearna regresija pokazala je da, uz kontrolu ostalih prediktora, socijalni utjecaj dentalne estetike i granično dentalno samopouzdanje najviše doprinose objašnjenju varijabiliteta samopoštovanja s 4,7% odnosno 1,5%. Spol, dob, kraniofacijalna tipologija, stupanj malokluzije, psihološki utjecaj dentalne estetike i estetska zabrinutost nisu statistički značajni prediktori samopoštovanja. Cijeli model objašnjava 22.6 % varijabiliteta samopoštovanja. Zaključci: Povezanost između malokluzija i kvalitete života je slaba do umjerena. Na stupanj samopoštovanja u populaciji adolescenata i mladih odraslih više utječu psihosocijalni utjecaji dentalne estetike nego dob, spol, stupanj malokluzije i kraniofacijalna tipologija.
Keywordsmalocclusion craniofacial typology dental aesthetics self-esteem quality of life
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za ortodonciju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Dental Medicine
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeDental Medicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med. dent.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2014
Parallel abstract (English)
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the connection between malocclusion severity, craniodentofacial characteristics, dental aesthetics and malocclusion related quality of life and self – esteem in adolescents and young adults. Materials and methods: The study was cross - sectional and a convenient sample included 200 pupils and university students (58% female) aged 13-33 (median 22, interquartile range 20 – 23). The questionnaire was self-administrated and included the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSS) and the Psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire (PIDAQ) . For clinical assessment of the malocclusion severity Index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) and Index of complexity, outcome and need (ICON) were used. Craniofacial typology was estimated by the craniometric method of Martin and Saller. Results: With growing malocclusion severity, the dental aesthetics related quality of life is lowering, although the correlation is weak to moderate. Multiple linear regression showed that, with the control of all other predictors in the model, social impact of dental aesthetics and dental self – confidence (borderline) contribute the most to the explanation of the variability of self- esteem. However, they only account for a small part of the variability of 4.7 and 1.5 %. Sex, age, craniofacial typology, level of malocclusion, self – perceived malocclusion, psychological impact of dental aesthetics and aesthetic concern are not statistically significant predictors of self – esteem in the multiple regression model. The whole model explains 22.6 % of the variability of self-esteem. Conclusions: There is weak to moderate correlation between malocclusion and quality of life. Self – esteem appears to be more influenced by psychosocial impacts of dental aesthetics than age, gender, level of malocclusion or craniofacial typology in adolescents and young adults.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)malokuzija kraniofacijalna tiplogija dentalna estetika samopoštovanje kvaliteta života.
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:130977
CommitterBosa Licul