Access restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
master's thesis
Oral effects of drug abuse

Vedrana Miličević (2014)
Metadata
TitleUtjecaj bolesti ovisnosti na usnu šupljinu
AuthorVedrana Miličević
Mentor(s)Irena Glažar (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Ovisnost je duševno i tjelesno stanje nastalo međudjelovanjem sredstva ovisnosti i živog organizma koje obilježava prisila za povremenim ili redovitim uživanjem sredstva ovisnosti radi stvaranja osjećaja ugode ili izbjegavanja neugode uslijed odsutnosti sredstva ovisnosti. Sve je veći udio ovisnika unutar populacije, a najĉešće korištena sredstva ovisnosti su duhan i alkohol. Sredstva ovisnosti upotrebom izazivaju promjene na tkivima unutar usne šupljine koje prvi mogu zamijetiti doktori dentalne medicine zbog ĉega je nužna edukacija istih o razliĉitim promjenama koje nosi upotreba razliĉitih sredstava ovisnosti. Sredstva ovisnosti su duhan, alkohol i droge. Duhan izaziva maligne i nemaligne promjene unutar usne šupljine, ima vazokonstriktivan uĉinak te je jedan od glavnih ĉimbenika rizika u razvoju malignih promjena usne šupljine uz alkohol. Alkohol djeluje dehidrirajuće na sluznicu usne šupljine, ima negativne interakcije sa 150 razliĉitih vrsta lijekova ĉime zahtjeva oprez pri propisivanju lijekova. Psihodepresorske droge maskiraju bol i oteţavaju anesteziranje ovisnika, psihostimulativne droge izazivaju osjećaj euforije. Kokain moţe dovesti do perforacije nosnog septuma i nepca, dok metamfetamin kao posljedicu ima nastanak „meth-mouth“-a s ekstenzivnim karijesnim lezijama. Kanabinoidi mogu uzrokovati razvoj edema uvule, halucinogene droge otežavaju rad s bolesnikom zbog nastanka deluzija i halucinacija, a konzumaciju inhalatornih sredstava ovisnosti dijagnosticira se pronalaskom ranica i obojenja oko usne šupljine. Potrebno je individualno i empatiĉno pristupiti svakom bolesniku radi stjecanja osjećaja povjerenja i bolje suradljivosti, prepoznati promjene nastale na sluznici usne šupljine, diferencijalno dijagnostiĉki odvojiti ih od kliniĉki sliĉnih lezija i pravovremeno krenuti u terapiju istih.
Keywordsaddictions oral cavity
Parallel title (English)Oral effects of drug abuse
Committee MembersIrena Glažar
Sonja Pezelj-Ribarić
Nataša Ivančić Jokić
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za oralnu medicinu i parodontologiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Dental Medicine
Oral Medicine
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeDental Medicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med. dent.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2014-09-29
Parallel abstract (English)
Addiction is a mental and physical condition caused by the interaction of drugs and the organism characterized by a compulsion for occasional or regular enjoyment of substance of abuse, to create a feeling of pleasure or to avoid discomfort due to the absence of substance of abuse. There is an increasing proportion of addict in the population. Most commonly used addictive substances are tobacco and alcohol. Substance of abuse cause changes of tissues inside the mouth and the doctors of dental medicine are first who can note that, which makes it necessary to educate them about the various changes that has the use of various addictive substances. Substance of abuse are tobacco, alcohol and drugs. Tobacco causes malignant and non-malignant changes in the oral cavity, has a vasoconstrictive effect and is a major risk factor in the development of malignant lesions of the oral cavity together with alcohol. Alcohol acts dehydrating to the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, has negative interactions with 150 different kinds of medications which requires caution when prescribing medications. Psihodepressing drugs mask the pain and make it difficult to anesthetizing addicts, psychostimulant drugs cause a feeling of euphoria. Cocaine can lead to perforation of the nasal septum and palate, while methamphetamine results in a "meth-mouth" which includes extensive caries lesions. Cannabinoids may cause the development of oedema uvula, hallucinogens complicate management with patients due to the phenomenon of hallucinations and delusions, and the consumption of inhalatory addictive substances are diagnosed by finding the wounds and stains around the mouth. It is necessary to have individually and empathetic approach to each patient in order to develop a sense of confidence and better cooperation, identify changes occurring on the oral mucosa, to make a differential diagnosis of thelesions and to start the treatment timely.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)bolesti ovisnosti usna šupljina
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:223418
CommitterBosa Licul