Access restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
master's thesis
Alergije na dentalne materijale

Rafaela Vaccaro (2010)
Metadata
TitleAlergije na dentalne materijale
AuthorRafaela Vaccaro
Mentor(s)Sonja Pezelj-Ribarić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Usna šupljina je konstantno izložena velikom broju potencijalno iritirajućih materijala. Tijekom dentalnog liječenja na oralnu sluznicu djeluje čak 10-15 različitih dentalnih materijala poput kovina ili akrilata koji mogu nepovoljno djelovati na oralnu sluznicu i uzrokovati alergijsku reakciju. Kliničke manifestafije kontaktne preosjetljivosti usne šupljine mogu se manifestirati u vidu boli, žarenja, suhoće usta te crvenila, erozija, ulceracija i edematozne sluznice. Navedene kronične promjene najčešće su povezane s dugotrajnom izloženosti usne šupljine dentalnim kovinama, akrilatima , kompozitima i drugim materijalima. Alergijske reakcije mogu se manifestirati kao rane ili kasne. Klinički primjeri rane reakcije preosjetljivosti su urtikarije, Quinckeov edem te lokalizirana ili generalizirana anafilaksija. U dentalnoj medicini susrećemo se češće sa reacijama kasne preosjetljivosti. Pacijent rijetko sam prepozna kliničke manifestacije i uzrok, stoga nam je važna dobra anamneza i klinički pregled za određivanje dijagnoze. Najbolja dijagnostička metoda za dokazivanje alergena je patch test. Terapija alergije se prvenstveno bazira na uklanjanju uzroka i zamjenu alergena sa drugim dentalnim materijalom.
KeywordsAmalgam restorations Contact allergy Dental materials Dental metals Methacrylate and acylate allergy Oral lichenoid lesions PATCH test
Committee MembersSonja Pezelj-Ribarić
Miranda Muhvić-Urek
Marica Šimunović-Šoškić
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za oralnu medicinu i parodontologiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Dental Medicine
Oral Medicine
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeDental Medicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med. dent.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2010-11-04
Parallel abstract (English)
The oral cavity is constantly exposed to a large number of potentially irritating and sensitizing substances. About 10 – 15 different metals, as well as synthetic resin, and other dental materials may act on the buccal mucosa during routine dental treatment. The clinical manifestations of contact hypersensitivity in the mouth vary from subjective difficulties such as pain, burning and dryness of the mucosa to reddish, erosions, ulcers and edematous mucose. These chronic changes are most often associated with long-term exposure of the oral mucosa to dental metals, acrylates, composite materials and other substances. The types of allergic reactions are early or anaphylactoid type and allergic reactions of the delayed or late type. Some clinical examples of early reaction is urticaria, Quincke’s edema and local or generalized anaphylaxis. Late type of allergy is most comon in dental treatement. The localization and distribution of the clinical features often help in the diagnosis, since the patient rarely ever recognizes the connection of his disorder with a specific allergen. Patch test is the best routine examination method to test allergens. Treatement of dental allergy is based on remove allergen materials from oral cavity and replace it with other dental material.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Alergije na metakrilate i akrilate Amalgam Dentalne kovine Dentalni materijali Kantaktne alergijske reakcije Lichenoidne reakcije PATCH test
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:010429
CommitterBosa Licul