Access restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
master's thesis
Kvantificiranje karijes rizika

Goran Cvitkušić (2011)
Metadata
TitleKvantificiranje karijes rizika
AuthorGoran Cvitkušić
Mentor(s)Alen Braut (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Karijes (lat. caries - truljenje) je bolest prisutna u svim populacijama svijeta i glavni je razlog boli i gubitka zuba. Prema definiciji SZO, riječ je o lokaliziranom, posteruptivnom, patološkom procesu mikrobnog porijekla, koji demineralizira tvrda zubna tkiva s progresijom stvaranja šupljine. Njegovoj pojavi pogoduje bakterijska flora sadržana u biofilmu. Postoje brojni čimbenici koji se mogu klasificirati kao uzroci nastanka karijesa, i koji imaju veći ili manji utjecaj na njegov razvoj. Najvažniji čimbenici su broj bakterija sojeva S. mutans i L. acidophilus u slini, prehrana, oralno higijenske navike, nedostatak primjene fluorida, produljena laktacija, socioekonomski status, rasa, spol, dob, količina stimulirane sline, indeks i metabolička aktivnost plaka. Razumijevanje karijesa i njegovih čimbenika potrebno je u svrhu procjene i kontrole rizika za njegov nastanak. Doktor dentalne medicine je odgovoran za educiranje i informiranje pacijenta o preventivnim mjerama (oralna higijena, prehrana, primjena fluora, preventivni ispuni/pečati). Važnu ulogu u kvantitativnoj procjeni karijes rizika ima i primjena ''Cariograma'' kao instrumenta predviđanja budućnosti karijesa kod pojedinaca. ''Cariogram'' je interaktivni model koji grafički prikazuje međudjelovanje čimbenika za razvoj karijesa. Provedenim ispitivanjem o informiranosti i primjeni ''Cariograma'' u riječkim ordinacijama dentalne medicine utvrđeno je da samo 3 od 75 ispitanih ordinacija prakticiraju korištenje ''Cariograma'', dok je njih 48 informirano o učinkovitosti primjene, ali ga ne koriste. Dobiveni rezultati ukazuju na potrebu za educiranjem i stimuliranjem ne samo pacijenata već i doktora dentalne medicine. Najbolji put za ostvarenje ovog cilja jesu tečajevi i financijska potpora HZZO-a, odnosno zdravstvene politike u Republici Hrvatskoj.
Keywordsdental caries biofilm risk factors preventing measures ''Cariogram''.
Committee MembersAlen Braut (committee member)
Ivana Brekalo-Pršo (committee member)
Danko Bakarčić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKatedra za dječju stomatologiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Dental Medicine
Oral Medicine
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeDental Medicine
Academic title abbreviationdr. med. dent.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2011-09-21
Parallel abstract (English)
Dental caries (lat. caries - decay) is a disease present in every population around the world and it is the main reason of pain and loss of teeth. According to the WHO definition, it is a localized, posteruptive pathological process of microbial origin, which demineralizes hard dental tissues with the progression of creating cavity. The development of dental caries is supported by microorganisms located in the biofilm. Numerous factors can be classified as the causes of dental caries, and may have a greater or lesser effect on its development. The main factors are count of bacteria S. mutans and L. acidophilus in saliva, diet, oral hygiene habits, lack of fluorides, prolonged lactation, socioeconomic status, race, gender, age, amount of stimulated saliva, index and metabolic activity of dental plaque. The understanding of caries and its main factors is important for assessing and controlling the risk for its emergence. The dentist is responsible for educating patients and for providing them all necessary information on preventive measures (oral hygiene, diet, fluoride use, preventive fill/seal). The use of ''Cariogram'', an instrument of forecasting the future of dental caries among individuals, also plays an important role in the quantitative assessment of caries risk. It is a model that graphically shows the interaction of factors important for the development of dental caries. Conducted study on the awareness and use of the ''Cariogram'' in the dental medicine practice in Rijeka showed that only 3 out of 75 examined dental clinics use the ''Cariogram'', while 48 of them are informed about the effectiveness of this application and are still not using it. The result of this study indicates the need for educating and stimulating not only patients but also doctors of dental medicine. The best way to achieve this goal are the courses and the financial support of HZZO - the health policy of the Republic of Croatia.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)karijes biofilm čimbenici rizika preventivne mjere ''Cariogram''.
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:910694
CommitterBosa Licul