|Abstract (English)|| |
Osteoarthritis, as the most common form of arthritis, affects predominantly middle-aged and elderly population worldwide. This chronic, degenerative, progressive and multifactorial joint disease can affect different joints in the body. One of the most commonly affected joints with osteoarthritis is the hip joint. Hip osteoarthritis is characterized by the presence of pain, stiffness, and limping which ultimately results with inability to perform activities of daily living. Thus, hip osteoarthritis significantly affects patients’ quality of life and represents a major public health problem. Because of its high incidence, prevalence and significant medical, social, and economic impact on society as a whole, in this review article we will describe and discuss terminology, classification, epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of hip osteoarthritis.