Scientific paper - Original scientific paper
THE USE OF PALEO-IMAGING AND MICROBIOLOGICAL TESTING IN THE ANALYSIS OF ANTIQUE CULTURAL MATERIAL: MULTISLICE COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY, MAMMOGRAPHY, AND MICROBIAL ANALYSIS OF THE TROGIR CATHEDRAL COPE HOOD DEPICTING ST. MARTIN AND A BEGGAR

Čavka, Mislav; Petaros, Anja; Kavur, Lovro; Škrlin, Jasenka; Mlinarić Missoni, Emilija; Janković, Ivor; Brkljačić, Boris (2013)
Metadata
Language English
Title (Croatian)KORIŠTENJE PALEORADIOLOŠKE I MIKROBIOLOŠKE ANALIZE ANTIČKOGA KULTURNOG MATERIJALA: MSCT, MAMOGRAFIJA I MIKROBIOLOŠKA ANALIZA KAPULJAČE S LIKOM SV. MARTINA I PROSJAKA (TROGIR, HRVATSKA)
Title (English)THE USE OF PALEO-IMAGING AND MICROBIOLOGICAL TESTING IN THE ANALYSIS OF ANTIQUE CULTURAL MATERIAL: MULTISLICE COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY, MAMMOGRAPHY, AND MICROBIAL ANALYSIS OF THE TROGIR CATHEDRAL COPE HOOD DEPICTING ST. MARTIN AND A BEGGAR
AuthorČavka, Mislav
Petaros, Anja
Kavur, Lovro
Škrlin, Jasenka
Mlinarić Missoni, Emilija
Janković, Ivor
Brkljačić, Boris
Abstract (Croatian)
Paleoradiologija je znanstvena disciplina koja se u analizi arheološki značajnih bioloških i drugih materijala služi različitim medicinskim slikovnim metodama. Iako se danas najčešće primjenjuje u istraživanju ljudskih ostataka, paleoradiologija se može koristiti i u analizi metala, keramike, papira i odjeće. Cilj je ovoga rada prikazati rezultate paleoradiološke (MSCT i mamografske) analize značajnoga hrvatskog obrednog crkvenog ruha: kapuljače biskupskog plašta s likom sv. Martina i prosjaka iz Trogirske riznice. Da bi se istraživačima osigurali sigurni uvjeti rada, izvedeno je mikrobiološko testiranje plašta, kojim su se nadopunili dosadašnji podaci o mikrobiološkoj flori hrvatskih arheoloških ostataka i relikvija. Zbog velikog broja metalnih niti prisutnih u kukuljici, paleoradiološka analiza nije dala zadovoljavajuće rezultate. Ipak, digitalno poboljšanje slike omogućilo je bolje uočavanje samog stila figuralnoga metalnog veza kapuljače, koji je teže uočiti golim okom. Naposljetku, studija obrazlaže značenje paleoradiologije u proučavanju nehumanoga arheološkog materijala kao i objavljivanje rezultata koji nisu posve zadovoljavajući, a bitni su za daljnji razvoj i poboljšavanje tehnika koje se koriste u istraživanju i arheološkog materijala i ljudske povijesti.
Abstract (English)
Paleoradiology is the study of biological and other materials from archeological settings through the use of various medical imaging techniques. Although it is most often used in the scientific study of ancient human remains, it can also be used to study metals, ceramics, paper, and clothes. The aim of this study was to test two paleoimaging techniques (MSCT and mammography) in the analysis of an important Croatian liturgical vestment: the hood of a bishop’s cope from St. Lawrence’s Treasury in Trogir depicting St. Martin and a beggar. To ensure a safe environment for scientists participating in the analysis, a preliminary microbiological analysis was performed, which contributed to the database of microbiological flora found on Croatian archeological remains and relics studied to date. Due to a great amount of metal filaments, the paleoradiological analysis did not produce satisfactory results. However, a digitally enhanced image clearly showed fine metal embroidery of the hood that was not so easily perceived by naked eye. This article argues in favor of expanding paleoradiological studies on materials other than human remains and also of publishing unsatisfactory results, as important lessons for future development of techniques and methods to analyze ancient remains and seek answers about human historical and cultural heritage.
Keywords (Croatian)paleoradiologija liturgijsko obredno ruho arheologija Trogir Hrvatska
Keywords (English)paleoradiology liturgical vestment archaeology Trogir Croatia
Publication typescientific paper - original scientific paper
Publication statuspublished
Peer reviewpeer review
Journal titleActa medico-historica Adriatica
Numbering2013, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp 45-54
ISSN1334-4366
e-ISSN1334-6253
Datepublication: 15.06.2013.
Article URLhttp://hrcak.srce.hr/106166
Scientific fieldBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Basic Medical Sciences
History of Medicine and the Biomedical Sciences
InstitutionUniversity of Rijeka, Faculty of Medicine
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:184:496875